I decided to write something about manga, because it is something that I read more often than my textbooks. Well, I read four volumes a week if not more.
Okay, so I’ll start at the beginning.
Manga are comic books that originated in Japan in late 19th century, although some say that it comes from even earlier times.
Those manga are created in Japan, or by Japanese mangakas (manga artists and writers) in Japanese language. Although the industry saw a rise in a number of foreign manga creators, who publish their works online.
There are many genres in manga: action-adventure, romance, sports and games, historical drama, comedy, science fiction. Fantasy, mystery, suspense, detective, horror, sexuality, and business/commerce. Manga is a major part of the Japanese publishing industry. It gained a significant worldwide audience.One of the countries that remains second in publishing manga is France.
The ”father of manga” is Tezuka Osamu, author of Astro Boy. His works were inspired by Walt Disney.
Typically black and white, with some colour pages. In Japan, manga are usually serialized in large manga magazines (Weekly Shonen Jump), containing many stories, presented in a single episode, chapter, to be continued in the next issue of the magazine.
Manga are read from right to left, top to bottom. Many foreign publishers keep that Japanese format.
If the series become successful (mainly through reader survey), collected chapters may be republished in tankōbon volumes, frequently, standalone or paper books.
A manga artist, mangaka works usually with a few assistants in a small studio, although if they choose they can work alone. Mangaka is associated with the editor from a commercial publishing company (an editor is given few manga artists to overlook) If a manga series is popular enough, it may be animated after or even during its run. Some manga are drawn from the animated movie or drama.
Masashi Kishimoto is well known for his manga Naruto.
In Japan there are manga cafes or manga kissa, places where people drink coffee and read manga.
Webmanga became increasingly popular. Internationally drawn by people of all levels of experience, webmanga is intended for online viewing.
After a series has run for a while, the chapters are collected together and printed in a form of a book, volume. Usually softcover books, equivalent to US graphic novels. Old manga are known to be reprinted using somewhat lesser quality paper. In Britain, one volume costs usually for six or seven pounds, if available in 3 in 1edition, ten pounds. Of course, if you decide to buy it online it’ll cost much less.
Manga publishers in Japan reward mangakas for their works through many awards:
- the Akatsuka Award (humorous manga)
- the Dengeki Comic Grand Prix (one-shot manga)
- the Japan Cartoonists Association Award (various categories)
- the Kondansha Manga Award (multiple genre awards)
- the Seiun Award (science fiction comic of the year)
- the Shogakukan Manga Award (multiple genres)
- the Tezuka Award (best new serial manga)
- the Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize (multiple genres)
International Manga Award is awarded annually since May 2007 by The Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The winners gain publication of their manga and money prizes.
I think that’s it. Till next time guys! 😀